DDT is an insecticide listed as a persistent organic pollutant (POP) under the Stockholm Convention. POPs, once released, persist in the environment, undergo long range environmental transport and cause adverse environmental and/or health effects that warrant global actions towards their elimination.
DDT is listed in Annex B to the Stockholm Convention, restricting its production and/or use only for disease vector control purposes in accordance with related World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations and guidelines.
Countries that are party to the Convention can produce and/or use DDT for disease vector control when locally safe, effective and affordable alternatives are not available. Parties are required to notify the Secretariat of such production or use or the intention to use DDT. The Secretariat maintains a DDT Register listing Parties producing and/or using DDT or intending to produce or use it. Every three years, Parties that produce or use DDT are also obliged to report the conditions of such use to the Secretariat using a DDT questionnaire that was adopted by the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Stockholm Convention. The COP, in consultation with WHO, evaluates the continued need for DDT for disease vector control during its regular meetings. The DDT Expert Group, established by the COP, undertakes an assessment of scientific, technical, environmental and economic information related to DDT and reports its recommendations to the COP for its consideration in the evaluation of continued need for DDT.
At its fourth meeting held in 2009 the COP endorsed the establishment of a Global Alliance for the development and deployment of products, methods and strategies as alternatives to DDT for disease vector control. In 2011, the COP invited the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to lead its implementation. During its 6th meeting held in 2013,the COP invited the UNEP, in consultation with WHO, the DDT expert group and the Secretariat, to prepare a road map for the development of locally safe, effective, affordable and environmentally sound alternatives to DDT.