The Conference of the Parties (COP) continues to allow the use of DDT for use in public health for disease vector control as recommended by and under the guidance of the World Health Organization (WHO). Parties are required to notify the Secretariat of the production or use of DDT or the intention to use DDT for disease vector control. The Secretariat maintains a DDT Register listing Parties producing and/or using DDT or intending to produce or use it.
The Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Stockholm Convention took a decision, at its first meeting, to establish an expert group to assess the global production and use of DDT and its alternatives and to examine how Parties were proceeding in building capacity to reduce the use of DDT for disease vector control. At its third meeting in 2007, the COP adopted the terms of reference for the establishment of the DDT Expert Group which included the nomination and selection of members from Party States in all the UN regions and from experts selected by the World Health Organization and by the Secretariat of the Stockholm Convention. The members hold office for a period of four years.
Every three years, Parties that produce or use DDT are obliged to report the conditions of such use to the Secretariat using a DDT questionnaire that was adopted by the COP. The DDT Expert Group meets once at least six months before each COP to undertake an assessment of scientific, technical, environmental and economic information related to DDT and provides a report with recommendations for the COP to evaluate the continued need for DDT for disease vector control.
The next reporting by Parties on the production and use of DDT is due by June 2012. The information to be provided by this reporting cycle is for the three year period from 2009 to 2011.