Notifications of Articles in use

The Convention allows notification of POPs in articles in use, i.e. for chemicals occurring as constituents of articles manufactured or already in use before or on the date of entry into force of the obligation with respect to these chemicals.

Table listing notifications of articles in use pursuant to note (ii) of Annex A and note (ii) of Annex B of the Stockholm Convention

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 PartySorted By Party In Ascending OrderChemicalArticle in useDate of notificationAny comments linked to actual notification
CambodiaTetrabromodiphenyl ether and Pentabromodiphenyl ether

Cars with PUR foam in car seats contaminated with TetraBDE and PentaBDE remain in use within the country.

20/01/2016 
CanadaPerfluorooctane sulfonic acid, its salts and perfluorooctane sulfonyl fluoride Aqueous film forming foams (fire fighting foams)21/12/2010

Although PFOS-based aqueous film forming foams (AFFFs) can no longer be manufactured, or purchased in Canada, there are remaining stocks of PFOS – based AFFFs in Canada.

CanadaLindaneHuman health pharmaceutical for control of head lice and scabies as second line treatment21/12/2010 
CanadaTetrabromodiphenyl ether and pentabromodiphenyl ether (Commercial Pentabromodiphenyl ether Mixture (C-PentaBDE commercial mixture))Textile and foam-based products such as mattresses, furniture and carpet backing 21/12/2010While manufacture, import and use of C-PentaBDE commercial mixtures are prohibited, some articles containing this commercial mixture could still be in use in Canada
CanadaHexabromodiphenyl ether and heptabromodiphenyl ether (Commercial Octabromodiphenyl ether Mixture (C-OctaBDE commercial mixture))Products containing acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)plastics such as electronic equipment21/12/2010While manufacture, import and use of C-OctaBDE commercial mixtures are prohibited, some articles containing this commercial mixture could still be in use in Canada
JapanChlordane

termiticide in structures of houses where Chlordane occurs as a constituent

30/08/2002 
JapanHeptachlor

termiticide in structures of houses where Heptachlor occurs as a constituent

30/08/2002 
JapanPFOS, its salts and PFOS-F• Photo imaging
• Photo resistant and anti-reflective coatings for semi-conductors
• Etching agent for compound semi-conductors and ceramic filters
• Fire-fighting foam
• Certain medical devices
02/09/2010 Precursor: Perfluorooctane-1-sulfonyl fluoride (PFOS-F, CAS No. 307-35-7)
JapanHexabromocyclododecane• Flame retarded extruded polystyrene (XPS)
• Flame retarded expanded polystyrene (EPS)
• Flame retarded textiles
25/11/2014 
NorwayPerfluorooctane sulfonic acid, its salts and perfluorooctane sulfonyl fluoride

Despite existing regulations (see comments) PFOS and PFOS related compounds as constituents of articles still in use may be found in Norway. 

In 2009, the Norwegian Climate and Pollution agency undertook a screening study to identify possible sources of perfluorinated compounds (PFC) in industrial manufacturing and household applications in Norway. In this study low concentration levels of PFOS was detected in paints and inks, products with non-stick surfaces (i.e. cake forms, irons and pans) and power circuit boards from electronic products.

06/04/2011In Norway, PFOS and PFOS related substances have historically been used in consumer applications to provide grease, oil and water resistance to materials such as textiles including carpets, sports and leisure wear, upholstery, paper and packaging, coatings, and in industrial and household cleaning products. These products were mainly foreign products, imported to Norway. 

In Norway, production, import, export and placing on the market of PFOS and PFOS related compounds in products is restricted by the Product Regulations (www.klif.no/seksjonsartikkel 302l 7.aspx). According to the Product Regulations the manufacture, import, export and sale of impregnation agents and fire-fighting foam containing PFOS or PFOS related compounds in a concentration equal to or higher than 0.005 % by weight is prohibited. The manufacture, import, export and sale of textiles or other coated materials is prohibited if the amount of PFOS or PFOS-related compounds is equal to or higher than 1 ug/mg2. Possession of PFOS containing fire-fighting foam is also forbidden by Norwegian law which specifically requires that such products shall be delivered to an approved facility for final treatment. According the Norwegian Product Register, the use of PFOS in chemicals and chemical mixtures was largely phased out in Norway in 2002, and has since been negligible.

NorwayTetrabromodiphenyl ether and pentabromodiphenyl ether (main components of commercial Pentabromodiphenyl ether (pentaBDE))Norwegian authorities have no information to indicate that pentaBDE is a constituent of articles in use. In the case that such use still occurs it must be anticipated that it relates to products that were on the marked before the ban entered into force in 2004, and that have not yet been phased out.06/04/2011

Production, import, export and placing on the market of all formulations, products, and parts of products containing greater than or equal to 0.1% by weight of pentaBDE is in Norway prohibited through §2-20 of the Product Regulations. This ban entered into force on 1 July 2004, and as lain down in the Waste Regulation also extends to waste. As of 1 January 2004 waste containing more than 0.25% of pentaBDE is defined as hazardous waste and has to be treated according to regulations on hazardous waste. Permissions to export hazardous waste for recycling are not granted.

Historically, the main use of pentaBDE in Norway related to products. Use of pentaBDE as a flame retardant in electrical and electronic equipment, polyurethane foam, textiles and in means of transportation was been identified. However, import, export and use of pentaBDE for all these purposes ceased when the final regulatory action of pentaBDE entered into force in 2004. Available numbers from the textile industry in Norway, suggest that the total use of penta- and octaBDE for textile production, previous to the ban, in the period 1997-2003, was 75 kg/year. This use ceased with the ban in 2004.

NorwayHexabromodiphenyl ether and heptabromodiphenyl ether (main components of commercial octabromodipbenyl ether (octaBDE)) Norwegian authorities have no information to indicate that octaBDE is a constituent of articles in use. In the case that such use still occurs it must be anticipated that it relates to products that were on the marked before the ban entered into force in 2004.06/04/2011

Production, import, export and placing on the market of all formulations, products, and parts of products containing greater than or equal to 0.1 % by weight of commercial octaBDE is in Norway prohibited through §2-20 of the Product Regulations. This ban entered into force on 1 July 2004, and also extends to waste. As of 1 January 2004, and as lain down in the Waste Regulation, waste containing more than 0.25% of octaBDE is defined as hazardous waste and has to be treated according to regulations on hazardous waste. Permissions to export hazardous waste for recycling are not granted. 

Historically, the main use of octaBDE in Norway was related to products. Identified uses include the application of octaBDE as a flame retardant in polymers, high impact polystyrene and in electrical and electronic equipment. However, import, export and use of octaBDE for all these purposes ceased when the final regulatory action of octaBDE entered into force in 2004. Available numbers from the textile industry in Norway, suggest that the total use of penta- and octaBDE for textile production, previous to the ban, in the period 1997-2003, was 75 kg/year. This use ceased with the ban in 2004.

SwitzerlandPFOS, its salts and PFOS-FMedical diagnostic device.15/03/2011Until 2010 a PFOS containing formulation was used for coating components of a medical diagnostic device. PFOS has meanwhile been replaced in this process, but some medical diagnostic devices containing PFOS could still be in use.