The Conference of the Parties (COP) was established pursuant to Article 19 of the Convention. It is the governing body of the Stockholm Convention and is composed of governments of countries that have accepted, ratified or acceded to it. The implementation of the Convention is advanced through the decisions it takes at its meetings.
The Conference of the Parties reviews and evaluates the implementation of the Convention. It considers and adopts, as required, amendments to the Convention and its annexes, e.g. to list new chemicals brought forward by the Persistent Organic Pollutants Review Committee. It also adopts the programme of work and budget of the Convention for each biennium.
There are several subsidiary bodies established under the Conference of the Parties, including the Persistent Organic Pollutants Review Committee which was established at its first meeting.
Meetings of the Conferences of the Parties are usually held every two years and are governed by the rules of procedure and financial rules. Additionally, the Secretariat has developed two guidelines for rules of conduct at the meetings.