Register of Specific Exemptions: Technical endosulfan and its related isomers

Parties may register for specific exemptions listed in Annex A or B pursuant to paragraph 3 of Article 4. These specific exemptions have a limited timeframe and shall expire five (5) years after the date of entry into force of the Convention with respect to that particular chemical (paragraph 4 of Article 4), unless an earlier date is indicated in the Register by the Party or an extension is granted by the Conference of the Parties under paragraph 7 of Article 4.

Specific exemptions

Activity Specific exemption Party Expiry date Estimated quantity of production / use Purpose(s) of
production / use
Reason for exemption Remarks
Production  As allowed for the parties listed in the Register
China (People’s Republic of) Not provided Not provided Cotton - cotton bollworm;
Tobacco -  Aphids, oriental tobacco budworm.
No suitable alternatives available for now, a period of time is required until suitable alternatives are made by production sector. The register of specific exemptions is also applicable to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.
Use Crop-pest complexes as listed in accordance with the provisions of part VI of Annex A China (People’s Republic of) Not provided Not provided Cotton - cotton bollworm;
Tobacco -  Aphids, oriental tobacco budworm.
No suitable alternatives available for now, a period of time is required until suitable alternatives are made by production sector. The register of specific exemptions is also applicable to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.
Use Crop-pest complexes as listed in accordance with the provisions of part VI of Annex A Guatemala 22/12/2019. Estimated annual use: 127,075 litres of endosulfan 35% EC. Coffee - Berry borer, stem borers (Informal translation – original received in Spanish)
The only product that controls the coffee berry borer.
1. The only chemical that is effective for chemical control, as part of the Integrated Management of the coffee berry borer (MIB, in its Spanish acronym).
2. The integrated management of the coffee berry borer -Hypothenemus hampei- consists of several activities: Samplings, manual control, cultural control, ethological control, biological control and chemical control. Due to the use of the MIB in coffee plantations, the total amount of Endosulfan required for chemical control of the berry borer in coffee plantations using conventional production methods was reduced by 75%.
3. Chemical control of the coffee berry borer is a rational control which is done only in infested areas – infestation hotspots- by the berry borer, where Endosulfan is applied at the right time and exclusively on the fruits attacked by the borer.
4. The coffee plantations in Guatemala cover a total area of 307,000 hectares, of which 2.61% is dedicated to organic coffee production -8,000 hectares- where Endosulfan is not used for control of the berry borer.
5. The area for conventional coffee production covers a total of 299,000 hectares, and the dose per hectare of Endosulfan 35 EC is 1.7 litres, which makes a total of 508,300 litres for chemical control; but with MIB this is reduced by 75%.
6. Annual production is 4,100,000 quintals of green coffee, of which 3,825,000 quintals are exported in accordance with quality and safety standards of the grain.
None.
Use Crop-pest complexes as listed in accordance with the provisions of part VI of Annex A Zambia Five years as provided for under Article 4 of the Convention.   Bean, cowpea - Aphids, leaf miner, whiteflies;
Cotton - Aphids, cotton bollworm, jassids, leaf rollers, pink bollworm, thrips, whiteflies;
Eggplant - Aphids, diamondback moth, jassids, shoot and fruit borer;
Groundnut - Aphids;
Maize - Aphids, pink borer, stem borers;
Mango - fruit flies, hoppers;
Onion - Aphids, jassids;
Okra - Aphids, diamondback moth, jassids, shoot and fruit borer;
Potato - Aphids, jassids;
Rice - Gall midges, rice hispa, stem borers, white jassid;
Tea - Aphids, caterpillars, flushworm, mealybugs, scale insects, smaller green leafhopper, tea geometrid, tea mosquito bug, thrips;
Tobacco - Aphids, oriental tobacco budworm;
Tomato - Aphids, diamondback moth, jassids, leaf miner, shoot and fruit borer, whiteflies;
Wheat - Aphids, pink borer, termites.
In the event that the alternatives face resistance, Zambia will revert to Endosulfan use. Zambia is currently conducting Endosulfan inventory. Should additional information be found, it will be provided when the inventory is completed.

Expired specific exemptions

Activity Specific exemption Party Expiry date Estimated quantity of production / use Purpose(s) of
production / use
Reason for exemption Remarks
Use Crop-pest complexes as listed in accordance with the provisions of part VI of Annex A Costa Rica Expired on 31/10/2014. Two years from the notification date: 31/10/2012. Estimated annual use: 66 000 kg. The estimated quantity of annual use refers to the national level, not per sector. Use of endosulfan for the following crop-pest complexes: coffee (Berry borer, stem borers). To allow the necessary time for the productive sector to make changes and to register new alternative products. On registration: None