The Conference of the Parties of the Stockholm Convention (COP) allows the use of DDT for public health interventions for disease vector control as recommended by and under the guidance of the World Health Organization (WHO) due to unavailability of locally appropriate and cost-effective alternatives.

Currently, there are organizations and international collaborations working to develop and deploy alternatives to DDT. The DDT Expert group reports to COP in every two years, including the information on Alternatives to DDT.  At its eighth meeting, DDT expert group and its report on the assessment of scientific, technical, environmental and economic information on production and use of DDT for disease vector control (UNEP/POPS/COP.8/INF/6) is reported.

At its fourth meeting, held in May 2009, the COP endorsed the establishment of a Global Alliance for the development and deployment of products, methods and strategies as alternatives to DDT for disease vector control and requested the Secretariat to lead its implementation (decision SC-4/2). The Global Alliance will cover four goals and nine challenges, identified from consultations with disease, vector control and environmental experts, endemic country representatives, private sector stakeholders, donor countries and agencies.

DDT web section covers overview, guidance, evaluation of continued use, DDT register, DDT toolkit, etc. Global Alliance for promoting a global partnership on the development and deployment of alternative products, methods and strategies to DDT for disease vector control is also available.